Tokenization of Real-World Assets (RWAs): An Introductory Guide

3 min readNov 6, 2023


In recent years, the world of blockchain and cryptocurrencies has expanded beyond digital currencies alone. Tokenization has emerged as a groundbreaking concept, enabling the representation of real-world assets (RWAs) on the blockchain. This article aims to demystify the process of tokenizing real-world assets, shedding light on its benefits and potential applications. Whether you’re a developer or a regular user, understanding this transformative technology is crucial in navigating the evolving landscape of digital assets.

What are Real-World Assets (RWAs)?

Real-world assets encompass a wide range of tangible and intangible assets, including real estate, precious metals, artwork, intellectual property rights, and more. These assets have traditionally been illiquid, making it challenging for individuals to access their value efficiently. However, with the advent of blockchain technology, tokenization has emerged as a game-changer, enabling the transformation of RWAs into digital tokens.

The Tokenization Process

Tokenization involves representing fractional ownership of real-world assets as digital tokens on a blockchain. The process typically follows these steps:

Asset Selection

The first step is to identify the asset to be tokenized. It could be a property, a piece of art, or any other valuable asset.

Legal and Regulatory Compliance

It is crucial to ensure compliance with relevant legal and regulatory frameworks governing the asset. This step helps establish the necessary trust and transparency for the tokenized asset and subsequent adoption.

Asset Valuation

An independent valuation of the asset is conducted to determine its worth. This valuation sets the foundation for determining the tokenization structure.

Smart Contract Development

Smart contracts are created to define the rules and conditions governing the tokenized asset. These contracts facilitate the automatic execution of transactions and ensure compliance with predetermined guidelines.

Token Creation and Distribution

Once the smart contract is in place, the tokens representing fractional ownership of the asset are created and distributed to investors or participants. These tokens can be bought, sold, and traded on blockchain-based platforms.

Benefits of RWAs

Accessibility and Fractional Ownership

Tokenization opens up previously exclusive investment opportunities to a wider range of individuals. Fractional ownership allows investors to own a portion of high-value assets, enabling diversification and reducing barriers to entry.

Liquidity and Market Efficiency

RWAs, through tokenization, become tradable on various decentralized marketplaces, increasing liquidity and market efficiency. This opens up new possibilities for secondary markets, enabling faster and more seamless transactions.

Transparency and Security

Blockchain technology ensures immutable and transparent records of ownership, reducing fraud and enhancing trust. This transparency also provides a clear audit trail, increasing security for all participants involved.

Global Access and Efficiency

RWAs can be accessed and traded by anyone with an internet connection, eliminating geographical barriers. This democratization of asset ownership promotes financial inclusion and unlocks new opportunities for investors worldwide.

Potential Applications

The potential applications of tokenized real-world assets are vast and diverse. Here are a few examples:

Real Estate Investment

Tokenizing real estate properties allows investors to access fractional ownership, reducing the barriers to entry and increasing liquidity in the market.

Art and Collectibles

Tokenizing artwork and collectibles enables greater accessibility, fractional ownership, and enhanced liquidity for these traditionally exclusive assets.

Intellectual Property Rights

Tokenizing intellectual property rights, such as patents or royalties, provides creators with a new way to monetize their inventions and creations.

Commodity Trading

Tokenization simplifies the trading of commodities like precious metals, allowing investors to buy and sell fractional shares without the need for physical delivery.

Carbon Credits and Renewable Energy

Tokenizing carbon credits and renewable energy assets allows for efficient trading and incentivizes environmentally friendly practices.

RWAs on MANTRA Chain

MANTRA Chain is specifically designed to address the challenges associated with tokenized RWAs and compliance in the blockchain space.

Developers can leverage a compliance-focused toolkit that reduces costs, complexity, and enhances the developer experience in creating compliant Web3 decentralized applications (dApps) for hosting tokenized RWAs.

The platform also offers integrated features for the compliant on-ramp of tokenized RWAs. This ensures that the process of converting physical assets into digital tokens adheres to regulatory requirements, facilitating the seamless integration of traditional assets into the blockchain ecosystem.

Learn more about how MANTRA Chain supports tokenized RWAs.

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